INTRODUCTION TO THE READING OF HEGEL LECTURES ON THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF SPIRIT ALEXANDRE KOJEVE During the years the. Alexandre Kojève (). Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. Source: Introduction to the Reading of Hegel, Basic Books, ; the final chapter only. Alexandre Kojève, Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit. By Edited by Allan Bloom. Translated by James H. Nichols.

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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: If you have not read the Phenomenology of Spirit, you just have to believe Kojeve. Jun 04, David M rated it it was amazing.

He has preferred slavery to death, and that is why, by remaining alive, he lives as a Slave. While the Slave still remains an “immediate,” natural, “bestial” being, the Master — as a result of his fight — is already human, “mediated.

Introduction to the Reading of Hegel – Wikipedia

This real, or better, active, historical dialectic is what is reflected in the history of philosophy. And this Slave who has been “overcome” is the one who will be satisfied by what he is heegel will understand that he is satisfied in and by Hegel’s philosophy, in and by the Phe- nomenology. That is why it is not an idea in the proper sense of the word: The naive man, the vulgar scientist, even the pre-Hegelian philosopher — each in his way opposes himself to the Real and deforms it by opposing, his own means of action and methods of thought to it.

Where there kojefe Work, then, there is necessarily change, progress, historical evolution. And the enjoyment that one obtains eeading making any effort is Lust, Pleasure. The analysis that uncovers the constituent role of Desire enables us to understand why human existence is possible only with an animal existence as its basis: But, if animal Desire is the necessary condition of Self -Consciousness, it is not the sufficient condition. The Hegelian rsading, accepted by Kojeve, is that this has indeed happened and that laexandre enunciation of the universal, koueve princi-j pies of the rights of man in the French Revolution marked the be-i ginning of the end of history.


Desire is always revealed as my desire, and to reveal desire, one must use the word “I. Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. Hence the Slave, who— through fear of death — grasps the human Nothingness that is at the foundation of his natural Being, understands himself, understands Man, bet- ter than the Master does.

But a closer examination shows that this is not at all the case, and that when Hegel speaks of Dialectic, he is talking about something quite different from what is found in his predecessors.

Now, this objective negative-entity is precisely the foreign essen- tial-reality before which slavish Consciousness trembled. But it gets worse!

Want to Read saving…. Generally speaking, the greedy emptiness— or the I— that is revealed by biological Desire is filled— by the biological action that flows from it— only with a natural, biological alxandre. This is the modern interpretation. It is precisely Marx’s failure to think j through the meaning of his own historical thought that proves his philosophical inadequacy and compels us to turn to the pro-: In order that mutual and reciprocal recognition, which alone can fully and definitively realize and satisfy man, be tje, it suffices for the Slave to impose him- self on the ; Master and [be recognized by him.

Maybe not what Hegel meant at the time, but–because of Kojeve’s work–what he means today.

Wisdom at the End of History. Since the Master transcends the kojjeve World only in and by the risk of his life, it is only his death that “realizes” his freedom. In the years preceding the second world war in France, the transmission was effected by means of oral initiation to a group of persons who in turn took the responsibility of instructing others, and so on.

Alexandre Kojève (1902—1968)

To be sure, for this to take place, the Slave must cease to be Slave: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: Only work, by finally putting the objective World into harmony with the sub- jective idea that at first goes beyond it, annuls the element of madness and crime that marks the attitude of every man who — driven by terror — tries to go beyond the given World of which he is afraid, in which he feels terrified, and in which, consequently, he could not be satisfied.

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As for the fourth premise, it postulates the act of freedom.

Indeed, the Master realized his freedom introductiion surmounting his instinct to live in the Fight. This sub- structure, which supports both Religion and Philosophy, is nothing but the totality of human Actions realized during the course of universal history, that History in and by which Man has created a series of or human Worlds, essentially different from the natural World.

This political moment takes the form of law, which confers universal recognition upon all individuals, thereby satisfying the particular individual’s desire to be affirmed as an equal amongst others.

Therefore, he is not subjectively certain of his Being-for- itself as of a truth introducttion of a revealed objective reality].

It may indeed be doubted whether Kojeve is fully persuasive to the modern consciousness, particularly since he finds himself com- pelled to abandon Hegel’s philosophy of nature as indefensible and suggests that Heidegger’s meditation on being may provide a substitute for it.

Full text of “KOJEVE introduction to the reading of (PDFy mirror)”

The Irreducibility of Pedagogy to Information Transactions. But they kept a nobility! In service [in the forced work done in the service of another the Master ], slavish Con- sciousness [dialectically] overcomes its attachment to natural existence in all the particular-and-isolated constituent-elements, and it eliminates this existence by work.

Some of the kojevve consequently pres- ent in the translation should perhaps be mentioned. From Sartre to Althusser.

Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit

And we can even say introduvtion, in a certain way, Hegel was the first to abandon Dialectic as a philosophic method. A Study of G.

Taken in this sense, Begriff signifies a particular real entity or a real aspect of being, revealed by the meaning of a word — i. Human Desire, therefore, must win out over this desire for preservation.